The web is used for presentation, communication, administration, and teaching with uses
increasing all the time. Level 1 involves administrative information about the course, some
course content , links to other resources and e mail contact to staff for more information. At
Level 2 there is compulsory use of the web by all students, with a wider variety of content,
learning resources and interaction, including virtual tutorials and discussion forums (either
synchronous or asynchronous). At Level 3 the course is essentially managed via the web, with
substantial content, resources and interaction on the web.
The media emphasis is on www plus paper or all on the web. The ideal is the optimum use of
the various media available and this generally means paper plus the web.
The web is used for content, interactivity, sound, and video. There is some Java. There is a
heavy emphasis on audio. They are converting our whole library of audiocassettes from the
distance learning courses to the web. Real Audio is being use as an interim system but we are
developing our own audio system for the web and will not be buying anything off the shelf.
The web is used for one online, one to one, one to many, and many to many communication.
We are using WebCT and this meets most of our interim needs. Macquarie has a very big
computerized administration system but this needs upgrading and because there is no easy
solution, we are maintaining our own wbt administrative system and this will eventually be
integrated into the new university computerized administration system.
The web is used for human tutoring, machine tutoring, and group tutoring in accordance with
the course requirements. They do not support peer assessment. TMAs and CMAs and
examinations are all used extensively.
The university s degrees are offered over the www with some post graduate diplomas.
Undergraduates pay the same Federal Government fees as on campus students. Postgraduate
students courses are fee paying in accordance with Australian university structures and the
Enrolment is characterized by fixed start and fixed finish.
The web is an area of very rapid growth. At the moment we are carrying out a university wide
inventory to find out the full scale of what is being offered. This is a mature and stable
provision of university degrees via the www with considerable experimentation. We are
breaking down any distinction between on campus students and distance education.
Irrespective of student location, the student can get the same course with the same level of
support for the same degree, and can study on the web whether on campus or not.
Categories of Institutions that Offer Online Courses
The intention with this section of the report is to study if the various categories of institutions
have different approaches to web based education.
Table 9 shows that none of the institutions were classified as virtual or online universities.
Further, 78 (60.0%) of the 130 institutions belong to the university and college sector. There
are 13 institutions (10.0%) that belong to the traditional open university and distance