in using the web to deliver its courses and has 7 courses with an enrolment of 630.
The web is used for presentation, communication and administration, but not all courses use
all of these at the same time. Only some elements are on the web; it is not necessary to have
all on the web. Hong Kong is a small city and it is not necessary to have all the material on the
web. They use e mail, bulletin boards and conferencing packages for communication. They
use a client/server architecture using modems but not ISPs. They have some interactive
components with a little synchronous activity. They use some sound and video, but not a lot.
HKOU is a center of excellence for distance learning research and for distance learning course
development. They have some Java and use Lotus Notes for our system.
For the administration they have used Lotus Notes Net Learning Space and they do their own
programming. They find that Lotus Notes cannot be modified and are now looking at WebCT.
They make their own html pages.
With regard to tutoring, the basis structure is lecturers doing the tutoring but they have some
responses that are machine checked and the results electronically communicated to the
students. HKOU does not have peer assessment. They have TMAs and CMAs marked by the
computer and face to face examinations supervised in the examination hall.
The courses are one subject courses in a degree program. They count for the award of the
degree. The price is the same as other face to face universities. There is no extra fee for the
internet. There are 120 credits in a degree and 10 credits cost $HK 9.000. For the courses on
the internet they give the students the Open University distance learning materials as well.
Enrollment is characterized by fixed start and fixed finish. One subject is a prerequisite of the
In Hong Kong, the web is used for commerce. For education students still want print and not a
computer monitor. Submission of assignments via the web is of growing importance. The web
is very important for geographic extension of the courses to China. It is very convenient to
deliver the materials via the web rather than shipping them.
Distance Education Institutions
The distance education institutions are in many ways similar to the open and distance teaching
universities. However, they do not have status as universities. Many of these institutions are
originally correspondence schools that gradually have introduced other technologies as they
became applicable to their distance education courses. Among the distance education
institutions were the Center of Distance Learning , NKI , and the NKS Distance
The Center of Distance Learning  in Denmark claims to have 5000 students in 41 courses
within Information technology, Administration, Economics, Environmental studies, Law, and
HRM. Center for FjernUndervisning (Center of Distance Learning) was established in 1997. It
is a faculty within Randers Business College and is situated in the mid eastern part of Jutland,
Denmark. The faculty is managed by a group of 30 people that only operate within Distance
Learning. They are currently among the largest providers of distance learning in Denmark.