As pointed out by the University of South Australia <5>, free courses are not always
completely free: "The only cost for students is their own access time. Student access on
campus is free. The university has a preferential discounted student rate from the ISP."
The University of Munich <34> and Saarland s University <35> state that the German law
prohibits the universities to charge fees. "There are no course fees .German universities do
not charge fees" <34>. "According to German law one is not allowed to charge fees, even for
foreign participants. The regulations of not charging course fees are seen as a great difficulty.
The efforts for developing are enormous and also running the course takes a lot of resources.
Thus, we do not know how to continue with this kind of service" <35>.
Swedish institutions are neither allowed to charge individual students. However, the courses
do generate some income from the government. The National Institute for Distance Education
<87> states: "No fees for the public, the same conditions are provided by the government as
when a person is studying at a local school". Similarly, the department of Food Engineering at
Lund Institute of Technology <86> informs that: "The courses are free for the students. The
courses are given as part time courses, e.g. the students are supposed to follow four courses a
year. In Sweden, one year full time study equals to 40 credits. Each credit generates 100 150
Euros from the Institute of Technology to Food Engineering for covering course design,
administration and teaching".
Both Free Courses and Tuition Courses
Some institutions offer both free courses and tuition courses. At the Tele Academy of the
Technical University of Furtwangen <37> in Germany, open courses and tele lectures are free
(except costs for transmission). Courses that last one semester costs from 100 up to 400 DM,
and one further education program lasting two semester costs 2950 DM. There are reduced
prices for students and unemployed.
At universidade Virtual <19> in Brazil, there are several types of course provision and the
courses supported by the government (free for the participant)
tutorials short courses, html, download documents, no tutoring, free
packages for enterprises 60h 30 EURO (with tutor)
teachers personal offer.
Same Price as Traditional Courses
At number of institutions charge the same fees for web courses as they do for traditional
"The course fee is the same for all students at the Open University or similar open courses
at other universities, 2400 DKr for two semesters part time=one semester full time. They
also pay two times 700 DKr for learning material and communication costs for video
conferencing. In total the cost is around 450 Euros" <30>.
"Undergraduates pay the same Federal Government fees as on campus students.
Postgraduate students courses are fee paying in accordance with Australian university
structures and the market" <10>.
"The price is the same as other face to face universities. There is no extra fee for the
internet. There are 120 credits in a degree and 10 credits cost $HK 9.000. For the courses