group assignments on the web. The conferences applies simple technology with listserv or
other software dependent on the tutor's choice.
<87> Tutors give feedback on all questions and comments by using the communication
system that the student prefers, which can be e mail, normal post or comments in
discussions groups . Videoconferences are important for discussion but also much used
for examination. Assignments for submission commented and corrected by a tutor are
central in tutoring.
<64> Tutors give feedback on all questions and comments on e mail and comments in
discussions groups on the listserv. Assignments for submission commented and
corrected by a tutor are central in tutoring. We do not use machine tutoring, unless you
mean FAQs (frequently asked questions).
Human Tutoring vs. Machine Tutoring
Human tutoring seems to be much more common than machine tutoring, but some institutions
include machine tutoring in addition to human tutoring.
The following institutions focus on human tutoring:
<76> Human tutoring (peer tutoring and teacher tutoring).
<75> Tutoring is always human tutoring provided by the tutor. The group tasks are carried
out at distance by the participants.
<50> Human tutoring is always provided.
<132> Human tutoring.
<7> Human tutoring.
In addition some institutions state that they do not use machine tutoring:
<34> No forms of automatic tutoring is used not even thought to be possible. It is not at
all part of the concept, as interaction between students and with the teacher is considered
to be central to the learning process. There are mainly two parts, before the seminar, it is
preparation of assignments and making the structure of the whole course. When the
students start, they apply the web material and they know what to do through every
learning step. During the interaction part the students do the assignments and send the
results into the discussion forums. There are no individual assignments to be submitted to
the tutor. An important part of the concept is also that students can ask questions either
in the FAQ forum, where the questions can also be replied by other participants and not
only by the teacher, or they can ask questions directly to the teacher.
<44> Tutoring is by lecturing staff. Machine tutoring is not used. Tutoring takes place in
<12> The system is based on tutors not machines.
<80> The teachers provide the course tutoring. Machine tutoring is not used. The training
is provided to a student or to a group of students. There is a debate FORUM where the
students are encouraged to participate.
<83> Responsible teachers for content provide the course training. Machine training is not
used. The training is provided to a student or to a group of students.
<17> Responsible teachers for the content provide the courses tutoring. Machine tutoring
is not used. The tutoring is provided to a student or to a group of students. Answers to
students queries are dealt with in a maximum of 24h.