mentalities and to change the procedures of the trainers; 2) digital contents again the
trainers must have a new role and face changes; 3) technological limitations access and
<75> The tendency is to grow. How fast we do not know. The internet has continuously
surprised us, but there is still the cultural difficulties and the resistance to change. Other
difficulties are related with technological and economic barriers.
Others referred to bandwidth limitations:
<83> The future depends on communication lines. The capacity and speed of the lines
limit the use of the web for training purposes.
<84> Depending on the course, the type of media combination to be used is decided upon.
WWW is used for its contents, for interactivity. There is some experience with sound and
video (very slow).
<57> Massey University has a policy committee for online teaching. Massey is a large
New Zealand distance education provider. We find WebCT acceptable and it has its ups
and downs. Our major priority is to copy audio and video to CD ROMs and to get the CD
ROMs onto WebCT. There are three reasons for this: the students do not have machines
for web audio or video; 90% do, however, have CD ROM drives; New Zealand does not
today have the bandwidth. One has to remember that there are massive copyright problems
in New Zealand: you cannot reproduce anything electronically on the web.
<37> We use different kinds of media to deliver content in our web based courses:
HTML sites with Java scripts, streaming audio/video, PDF files for download. Beside the
web based courses we offer lectures using a videoconferencing system. Many of our
customers work at home connected to the web via modem or ISDN. Due to the low
bandwidth of this connection voluminous materials like CBT's are delivered on CD
Limited access to the Internet is an obvious barrier:
<84> The introduction to the use of the internet is very slow. There is a need for
<42> One has to realize that access to the internet in India is very, very difficult. Internet
access was impossible a few years ago. Now we have 2.000 of the university s 300.000
students on the web.
<71> Some questions: info exclusion, large gap between rich and poor, democracy. It is a
generation problem, the Primary Schools will take 30 years, the collaborative work will be
promoted, the teacher will have another role.
<35> Communication is very important, and there are moderators facilitating all the
discussions, which take place in small groups, and there are tutoring which is done by the
professional academics, professors at the university, and also by former course
participants. Also optional videoconferencing (web based) facilities are used. However,
among 180 participants only 8 have had the necessary equipment for doing that.