Chapter 10. Strategic Recommendations to Online Educators and 
Policy Makers 
This chapter presents a number of strategic recommendations to politicians, administrators of 
educational institutions, and online educators. The recommendations, which are based on the 
research and information presented in this report, are discussed throughout the chapter and 
listed below: 
1.  Promote national and international harmonization of degrees, certificates, credits, and 
grades to facilitate online mobility of students 
2.  Oppose national regulations that inhibits institutions from charging tuition fees 
3.  Focus on cost effective online education 
4.  Develop better systems for administration of online education 
5.  Support initiatives for training of online teachers, administrators, and instructional 
designers 
6.  Oppose regulations and attitudes that inhibits online assessment 
7.  Support further research on online pedagogy and didactics 
8.  Develop and implement strategies to reduce teacher workload 
Promote national and international harmonization of degrees, certificates, 
credits, and grades to facilitate online mobility of students 
There is a steady growth of institutions that offer online courses to students in other countries, 
and the analysis presents many examples of international collaboration and thinking. 
However, most of the global initiatives seem to be experiments and ambitions rather than 
main priorities. One important barrier is the problems with acceptance of foreign degrees, 
certificates, credits, and grades as an integral part of education and professional development. 
International collaboration will benefit from an harmonization on these important issues. 
North American universities may have a competitive advantage compared with Europe since 
North American universities have a relatively long tradition of credit transfer. 
Accreditation could be an important competitive advantage and several strategies could be 
followed to achieve the necessary accreditation. Collaboration with institutions in other 
countries could result in bilateral accreditation. 
Oppose national regulations that inhibits institutions from charging tuition fees 
A country should allow its universities and colleges to charge tuition fees for web based 
course. Countries that doesn t can hardly be competitive in the emerging global educational 
marketplace. Tuition fees can stimulate change, facilitate collaboration between institutions, 
and be an incentive for export of courses. Examples from both Germany and Sweden show 
that these countries restrictions is perceived as a barrier for online education. 
Focus on cost effective online education 
The analysis indicates that there are few institutions that can claim that provision of web 
based courses has been an economic success, if they disregard external research and 
development grants. At the same time, most of the web courses have relatively low enrolment. 
The cost of development and maintenance could be high, and there are many examples of 
expensive pilot projects that experiment with high cost, state of the art technology. All this 
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