DSTI/ICCP/TISP(2004)2/FINAL 
Accrediting Agencies. There is no geographical based requirement to register under 
.edu.  
On the other 
hand, registries sometimes launch services in one country ahead of others. The registry for 
.pro 
has 
established criteria for a launch in the United States ahead of other countries.
1
 The 
.pro
 registry is 
exceptional in that most uTLDs, as opposed to sTLDs, are open to any registrants, irrespective of their 
original intended community. 
Table 1.  The list of existing gTLDs, March 2004 
The Original gTLDs (1) 
  
Type of gTLDs 
Purpose of gTLDs 
.com 
Unsponsored  
Unrestricted, but intended for commercial registrants 
.net 
Unsponsored  
Unrestricted, but intended for network provides, etc. 
.org 
Unsponsored  
Unrestricted, but intended for not for profit organisations 
.edu 
Sponsored  
For post secondary institutions that are institutionally accredited by an agency 
on the United States Department of Education's list of Nationally Recognized 
Accrediting Agencies 
.gov 
Sponsored  
For the United States governmental organisations 
.int 
Sponsored  
For international inter governmental treaty based organisations 
.mil 
Sponsored  
For the United States military  
New gTLDs approved in November 2000 
  
Type of gTLDs 
Purpose of gTLDs 
.biz 
Unsponsored  
Intended for business use 
.info 
Unsponsored  
Unrestricted use 
.name 
Unsponsored  
Aimed at individual registrants 
.pro 
Unsponsored  
For professionals such as accountants, lawyers, physicians (2) 
.aero 
Sponsored  
For the air transport industry 
.coop 
Sponsored  
For Co operatives 
.museum 
Sponsored  
For Museums 
(1) The TLD 
.arpa
 (Address and Routing Parameter Area) also exists but this is an infrastructure TLD and is designated to be used 
exclusively for Internet infrastructure purposes. 
(2) An individual who is currently licensed as 
i)
 a Certified Public Accountant, 
ii)
 a physician (including a medical doctor or doctor of 
osteopathy), or 
iii)
 an attorney at law, who is currently licensed in one of the 50 United States or the District of Columbia; or, an 
organisation, that provides accounting, legal or medical professional services, and has an employee who satisfies one of the above 
criteria and registers on behalf of such entity or organisation that provides accounting, legal or medical professional services, and 
has an employee who satisfies one of the above criteria and registers on behalf of such entity or organisation. Examples of such 
organisations include: accounting firms, hospitals, legal publishers, medical supply companies, or even the law department of a 
large company. Registrants outside the 50 United States (and District of Columbia) are initially eligible only for Defensive Name 
Registrations. Additional jurisdictions for domain name registrations will be added on a rolling basis.  
Source
: ICANN
2
 and Registries. 
TLD market size 
At the end of 2003 there were just under 56 million names registered under major gTLDs and the 30 
ccTLDs that correspond to OECD member countries (
Table 2
). This number was more than double the 
same total for July 2000. From the total number of registrations, at the end of 2003, close to 20 million 
were under ccTLDs, located in OECD countries, and 36 million were under gTLDs.  
The number of registrations under both major gTLDs and OECD ccTLDs has shown a fairly constant 
growth rate from July 2000 to December 2003. Registrations under OECD ccTLDs have had a much 
sharper increase than major gTLDs and the percentage of the number of OECD ccTLDs registrations in the 
number of total TLDs registrations, increased from 27% to 34% in the same period. 
7 




  

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