Accrediting Agencies. There is no geographical based requirement to register under
On the other
hand, registries sometimes launch services in one country ahead of others. The registry for
established criteria for a launch in the United States ahead of other countries.
exceptional in that most uTLDs, as opposed to sTLDs, are open to any registrants, irrespective of their
original intended community.
Table 1. The list of existing gTLDs, March 2004
The Original gTLDs (1)
Type of gTLDs
Purpose of gTLDs
Unrestricted, but intended for commercial registrants
Unrestricted, but intended for network provides, etc.
Unrestricted, but intended for not for profit organisations
For post secondary institutions that are institutionally accredited by an agency
on the United States Department of Education's list of Nationally Recognized
For the United States governmental organisations
For international inter governmental treaty based organisations
For the United States military
New gTLDs approved in November 2000
Type of gTLDs
Purpose of gTLDs
Intended for business use
Aimed at individual registrants
For professionals such as accountants, lawyers, physicians (2)
For the air transport industry
For Co operatives
(1) The TLD
(Address and Routing Parameter Area) also exists but this is an infrastructure TLD and is designated to be used
exclusively for Internet infrastructure purposes.
(2) An individual who is currently licensed as
a Certified Public Accountant,
a physician (including a medical doctor or doctor of
an attorney at law, who is currently licensed in one of the 50 United States or the District of Columbia; or, an
organisation, that provides accounting, legal or medical professional services, and has an employee who satisfies one of the above
criteria and registers on behalf of such entity or organisation that provides accounting, legal or medical professional services, and
has an employee who satisfies one of the above criteria and registers on behalf of such entity or organisation. Examples of such
organisations include: accounting firms, hospitals, legal publishers, medical supply companies, or even the law department of a
large company. Registrants outside the 50 United States (and District of Columbia) are initially eligible only for Defensive Name
Registrations. Additional jurisdictions for domain name registrations will be added on a rolling basis.
TLD market size
At the end of 2003 there were just under 56 million names registered under major gTLDs and the 30
ccTLDs that correspond to OECD member countries (
). This number was more than double the
same total for July 2000. From the total number of registrations, at the end of 2003, close to 20 million
were under ccTLDs, located in OECD countries, and 36 million were under gTLDs.
The number of registrations under both major gTLDs and OECD ccTLDs has shown a fairly constant
growth rate from July 2000 to December 2003. Registrations under OECD ccTLDs have had a much
sharper increase than major gTLDs and the percentage of the number of OECD ccTLDs registrations in the
number of total TLDs registrations, increased from 27% to 34% in the same period.