DSTI/ICCP/TISP(2004)2/FINAL 
Table 3.  The gTLDs registries 
gTLDs Registries  Location 
URL 
.aero SITA 
Switzerland 
www.sita.aero 
.biz neulevel 
United States 
www.neulevel.biz 
(Joint venture of NeuStar and Melbourne IT) 
.com VeriSign 
United 
States 
www.verisign.com 
.coop dotCoop 
United States 
www.coop 
(National Cooperative Business Association) 
.info Afilias 
United 
States 
www.afilias.info 
.museum MuseDoma 
Sweden 
about.museum 
.name 
The Global Name Registry (GNR) 
United States 
www.gnr.name 
.net VeriSign 
United 
States 
www.verisign.com 
.org 
Public Interest Registry (PIR) (Afilias) 
United States 
www.pir.org 
.pro RegistryPro 
United 
States 
www.registrypro.com 
Source
: OECD based on ICANN. 
Unsponsored gTLD registries 
Unsponsored registries are organisations which are designated, by ICANN through a registry 
agreement, with responsibility for a gTLD. This registry agreement provides the authority for registries to 
act as the sole operator for the applicable gTLD. The agreement also specifies the general obligations of 
the registry and ICANN as well as administrative issues, such as dispute resolution processes and the fees 
to be paid to ICANN and those fees charged to registrars.   
When ICANN commenced its reform of the gTLD market structure there was only one unsponsored 
registry. At that stage, VeriSign (following the purchase of Network Solutions) had responsibility 
for .
com
, 
.net
 and 
.org
. In January 2003, the responsibility for 
.org
 was shifted by ICANN from VeriSign 
to the Public Interest Registry (PIR). PIR was selected from 11 other candidates and Afilias performs the 
back office registry operations.
9
 This transfer followed the expiry of the registry agreement between 
ICANN and VeriSign, for the responsibility of 
.org
.   
The current agreement between ICANN and VeriSign, for responsibility of the 
.com
 registry expires 
in November 2007, but has a four year renewal option.
10
 The agreement between ICANN and VeriSign for 
responsibility of the 
.net 
registry expires in June 2005.
11
 The 
.net
 registry agreement obligates ICANN to 
adopt an open, transparent procedure for designating a successor registry operator by no later than one year 
prior to the end of the agreement (
i.e.
 30 June 2004). Under the 
.net
 registry agreement, the incumbent 
registry (VeriSign), is free to enter into whatever procedure is adopted by ICANN for the selection of the 
new registry operator. Apart from VeriSign and PIR, the decision to create new gTLDs in 2000 added four 
new uTLD registries. The four new registries were Afilias, GNR, NeuLevel and RegistryPro.  
Sponsored gTLD registries 
A sponsored TLD is a specialised domain that has a sponsor representing a specific community that is 
served by the TLD. The sponsor carries out delegated policy formulation responsibilities over many 
matters concerning the TLD. The sponsor is designated by ICANN through a registry agreement.   
Some sTLD registries say that by restricting registrations to eligible candidates they have the potential 
to deliver a secure, predictable and trustworthy communications and business medium.
12
 The 
.aero
 sTLD 
is intended for the air transport community and the sponsor is SITA (
Societe Internationale de 
Telecommunications Aeronautiques
). SITA is a leading provider of global information and 
telecommunication solutions to the air transport and related industries.  
 11 




  

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