DSTI/ICCP/TISP(2004)2/FINAL 
Figure 8.  Correlation between new gTLDs registration and ccTLDs registration in OECD countries (except the 
United States), December 2003 
new gTLDs registration per 100 inhabitants
R
2
 = 0.6377
0.7
Switzerland
0.6
0.5
Netherlands
Germany
Austria
0.4
Sweden
Denmark
Norway
Australia
0.3
United Kingdom
Luxembourg
Canada
0.2
OECD average
New Zealand
IrelandKorea
Belgium
Spain
Finland
0.1
Iceland
France
Italy
Japan
Czech Republic
Slovak Republic
Portugal
Greece
Turkey
Hungary
Poland
0.0
Mexico
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
ccTLDs registration per 100 inhabitants
Source
: OECD, based on Registries Monthly Reports. 
The main question to address here, however, is whether there are factors particular to the new gTLDs 
that may shed light on why they are more popular in some countries than others. One such factor might be 
the introduction of IDN (International Domain Name) scripts by Registries. Afilias, for example, 
announced in September 2003 that it would be the first generic top level domain (gTLD) registry to 
implement an ICANN standards compliant internationalised domain name (IDN) solution with the launch 
of its first IDN product for 
.info
. This included the opportunity to register 
.info
 names using the German 
script umlaut characters:  a,   o,  and    . There is perhaps, therefore, a ready reason that Switzerland, 
Germany, the Netherlands and Austria have the highest take up of 
.info
 names on a per capita basis. In 
these countries German is either one of the official languages or, in the case of the Netherlands, there are 
people with a high degree of fluency in German in some parts of the country. By early 2004, 
.info
contained over 400 000 live Web sites, of which 33% were operated by registrants from Germany.
19
Another factor in the take up of names across different countries may be related to the geographic location 
of registrars and their ability to market services to local users. A number of OECD countries do not have 
registrars, authorised to offer names such as 
.biz
 and 
.info
, located in their country. 
Impact of the introduction of new gTLDs 
One indicator which can be used to assess the impact of new gTLDs is the trends in registration 
following their introduction.  In total, the number of gTLDs has grown every year following the 
introduction of the new gTLDs (
Table 8
). On the other hand, there was a significant reduction in the 
number of registrations under the original gTLDs (
.com
, 
.org
, 
.net
) at the time of the introduction of the 
new gTLDs.  
 21 




  

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