m d l) 
If you were a computer programmer the term  Modular  Object Oriented  Dynamic  Learning         
Environment  (Moodle) might make your heart skip a beat.  If you were a teacher you might 
recognize the word as a verb that describes the process of lazily meandering through         
something, doing things as it occurs to you to do them, an enjoyable tinkering that often leads 
to insight and creativity.  
As such it applies both to the way Moodle was developed, and to the way a student or teacher 
might approach studying or teaching an online course. Anyone who uses Moodle is a Moodler. 
The Australian developer of Moodle (Martin Dougiamas), is both an educator and computer 
scientist. This combination brings unique qualifications to the art and science of using              
technology to reach learners in the 21
Open Source e Learning Software 
Moodle is a course management system (CMS)   a software package designed to help               
educators create quality online courses and manage learner outcomes. Such e learning         
systems are sometimes also called Learning Management Systems (LMS), Virtual Learning 
Environments (VLE) and Learning Content Management Systems (LCMS). Students need only 
a browser (e.g., IE, Firefox, Safari) to participate in a Moodle course.   
Moodle is Open Source software, which means you are free to download it, use it, modify it and 
even distribute it (under the terms of the GNU General Public License). Moodle runs without 
modification on Unix, Linux, Windows, Mac OS X, Netware and any other system that supports 
PHP, including most web host providers. Data is stored  in  a  single  database:  MySQL  and           
PostgreSQL are best supported, but it can also be used with Oracle, Access, Interbase, ODBC 
and others. 
Language Support 
Moodle has 50 language packs, including: Arabic, Catalan, Chinese (simplified and traditional), 
Czech, Danish, Dutch, English (UK and US versions), Finnish, French (France and Canada 
versions), German, Greek, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian,  Japanese,  Maori,  Norwegian,        
Polish, Portuguese (Portugal and Brazil), Romanian, Russian, Slovak, Spanish, Swedish, Thai 
and Turkish.
Design Philosophy 
The design and development of Moodle is guided by a particular philosophy of learning, a way 
of thinking that you may see referred to in shorthand as a "social constructionist pedagogy". 
This page tries to explain in simple terms what that phrase means by unpacking four main 
concepts behind it. Note that each of these is summarizing one view of an immense amount of 
diverse research so these definitions may seem thin if you have read about these before. 
If these concepts are completely new to you then it is likely that these ideas will be hard to    
understand at first. We recommend that you read this carefully, while thinking about your own 
experiences of trying to learn something. 
1. Constructivism 
This point of view maintains that people actively construct new knowledge as they interact with 
their environment.  
Everything you read, see, hear, feel, and touch is tested against your prior knowledge and if it is 
viable within your mental world, may form new knowledge you carry with you. Knowledge is 
strengthened if you can use it successfully  in  your  wider  environment.  You  are  not  just  a           
memory bank passively absorbing information, nor can knowledge be "transmitted" to you just 
by reading something or listening to someone. 



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